miércoles, 27 de noviembre de 2013

Learn 46 Languages Online for Free: Spanish, English & More | Open Culture

Learn 46 Lan­guages Online for Free: Span­ish, Chi­nese, Eng­lish & More

How to learn lan­guages for free? This col­lec­tion fea­tures lessons in 40 lan­guages, includ­ing Span­ish, French, Eng­lish, Man­darin, Ital­ian, Russ­ian and more. Down­load audio lessons to your com­puter or mp3 player and you’re good to go.

via Learn 46 Lan­guages Online for Free: Span­ish, Eng­lish & More | Open Cul­ture.

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Learn 46 Languages Online for Free: Spanish, English & More | Open Culture

Bilingual children have a dual-process mind, lower stress levels

The ben­e­fits of grow­ing up bilin­gual are many, and now new data fur­ther decon­structs the process that makes bilin­gual chil­dren so remarkable.

Accord­ing to research pre­sented in the Inter­na­tional Jour­nal of Bilin­gual­ism, not only do bilin­gual chil­dren have an enhanced abil­ity to process sounds, there­fore accel­er­at­ing their learn­ing capa­bil­i­ties, but they also use two com­pletely sep­a­rate sound sys­tems to learn languages.

It has com­monly been debated whether a bilin­gual child has one large set of sounds from both lan­guages or, con­versely, two sep­a­rate sound sys­tems,” said Ithaca Col­lege researcher Skott Freed­man to Sci­ence Daily. “A way of test­ing this the­ory is to mea­sure a child’s lan­guage pro­duc­tions in both lan­guages using some mea­sure of com­plex­ity and then com­par­ing the two languages.”

Pre­vi­ous research into this the­ory was done exam­in­ing sound sets between English-speaking and Hungarian-speaking chil­dren back in 2010. The results of this study sup­ported the hypoth­e­sis that bilin­gual chil­dren had a dual-process mind, learn­ing two com­pletely dif­fer­ent sound sets for dif­fer­ent lan­guages. Freedman’s research fur­ther explored those results, this time look­ing at English-speaking and Spanish-speaking children.

His results also con­firmed the dual-process learn­ing abil­ity, adding some deeper insights into how bilin­gual chil­dren pick up lan­guages so quickly.

While bilin­gual chil­dren pro­duced more com­plex forms in Span­ish than in Eng­lish, they nonethe­less approx­i­mated Eng­lish and Span­ish to the same degree,” said Freed­man. “Per­haps while learn­ing a lan­guage, some inner algo­rithm deter­mines how much one needs to artic­u­late in order to be under­stood regard­less of the dif­fer­ent kinds of sounds between lan­guages. Oth­er­wise, chil­dren should have been more eas­ily under­stood in Spanish.”

The final study results indi­cate bilin­gual chil­dren not only learn two dif­fer­ent words at the same time, but they keep these words com­pletely sep­a­rate within their inner thought process.

Freed­man indi­cates this sug­gests there is no harm in expos­ing a child to mul­ti­ple lan­guages from birth; some par­ents and experts have sug­gested oth­er­wise out of fear of over­whelm­ing the child.

Other ben­e­fits for bilin­gual children

The abil­ity to learn and process mul­ti­ple lan­guages eas­ily and effi­ciently is not the only ben­e­fit to being bilin­gual. The Amer­i­can Psy­chi­atric Asso­ci­a­tion indi­cates bilin­gual chil­dren have bet­ter cog­ni­tive skills com­pared to peers, and research from North­west­ern Uni­ver­sity sup­ports pre­vi­ous find­ings that demon­strated bilin­gual chil­dren showed reduced lev­els of anx­i­ety, lone­li­ness, and poor self-esteem, as well as a reduc­tion of neg­a­tive exter­nal­iz­ing behav­iors such as argu­ing, fight­ing, or act­ing impulsively.

Accord­ing to the experts, part of the rea­son for lower lev­els of social stress among bilin­gual chil­dren had to do with the abil­ity to under­stand and accept the mul­ti­ple cul­tures which came along with learn­ing mul­ti­ple languages.

The DANA Foun­da­tion indi­cates because a bilin­gual per­son con­stantly switches between lan­guages when he or she speaks, the brain is kept con­stantly active, which strength­ens cer­tain functions.

  • Bilin­gual chil­dren can expect to see men­tal health ben­e­fits such as:

  • Improved atten­tion to detail

  • Abil­ity to focus on impor­tant details

  • Early onset of con­flict man­age­ment skills

  • Improved mem­ory

  • Improved exec­u­tive control

  • Pro­tec­tion against cer­tain ill­nesses such as Alzheimer’s disease

  • Less­en­ing of symp­toms asso­ci­ated with cog­ni­tive decline

  • Improved social skills

  • Reduced stress

  • Reduced risk for depression

read more:

Bilin­gual chil­dren have a dual-process mind, lower stress lev­els | Voxxi.

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Bilingual children have a dual-process mind, lower stress levels

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